A protest rally following a fatal gang rape in 2012. Image courtesy of New York Magazine.
The rape crisis in India
In a letter published online in the journal Lancet, Anita Raj, PhD, director of the Center on Gender Equity and Health at UC San Diego, looks at recent statistics about rape in India and asks what they mean.
The data, she says, suggest that while the prevalence of sexual violence in India is among the lowest in the world at 8.5 percent, it translates to roughly 27.5 million female victims.
Just 1 percent of these victims, she said, report the crime to police.
Low reporting rates may be due in part to the fact marriage rape is not a crime in India, according to Raj, and most sexual violence in India occurs in marriage. Adolescent wives are most vulnerable, accounting for 24 percent of rape cases but only 9 percent of the total female population.
In the essay below, Raj elaborates upon the crisis confronting all Indians, and suggests some remedies.
In recent months, the international media has been rife with reports of gang rape in India, from a female Danish tourist in Delhi reportedly targeted after asking for directions to a village council-ordered attack upon a 20-year-old woman in West Bengal, allegedly raped as punishment for her relationship with a man outside her tribe.
These reports follow numerous other accounts of gang rape in India, all following the notorious and fatal 2012 gang rape of a young female physiotherapy student who was simply trying to take a bus home from the movies in Delhi. While hardly unique to India, the issue of rape in that country appears to be escalating in incidence and brutality.
The prevalence of non-partner rape is actually reported to be lower in India than in many other parts of the world, including the United States and North America, according to the World Health Organization. But crime data suggest the incidence of rape is growing in India and has been for some years, this growth may be attributed to both in actual numbers and in increased willingness of victims to report the crime.
A review of media reports over the past year suggests that rape, most notably gang rape, is a rising concern in India, particularly among unmarried adolescent and young adult females.
Unfortunately, crime data from India do not provide gang rape-specific data, limiting the ability to derive insights. Gang rapes are typically a fraction of all rape cases in the United States, where such data is collected: 10 percent of all sexual assaults involve multiple perpetrators, according to the U.S. Bureau of Justice statistics.
The preponderance of media-identified gang rape cases in India suggests this percentage may be higher there, at least in terms of non-partner rapes, though again, hard data is scant.
Nonetheless, gang rape speaks to a broad social acceptability of organized brutal and public acts of male-perpetrated sexual violence against women and girls. Without immediate, robust and ongoing intervention, the women and girls of India remain doomed to live fearfully in a country and society that sanctions brutality.
The screens in our cars can be frustrating—slow, confusing, hard to read, impossible to sync with our phone. Infotainment systems definitely have plenty of room for improvement, but as any software engineer will happily reminder you, they are unbelievably complex. From controlling the car’s many functions to smartphone compatibility and ensuring all of the various applications can run concurrently, the displays in our dash are much more complicated than the phones in our pockets.
A few days ago I bought a course "Introduction of the Art of Modern Calligraphy" by Molly Jacques, which you should definitely check, and I fell in love with calligraphy.
Now I find this useful infographic with the basics of calligraphy, including tools. In case you want to try your skills you should try to do those exercise.
In both cases, (the classes from molly and this infographic) they ask you simple tools to begining your training:
- Pen Holder
- Nikko G pointed, 303 and 404 Nibs (but you can find packs including pen holder like this one)
- Black ink
- Semi Transparent Layout Bound (recommend by Molly)
- Calligraphy Lined Guide (optional)
In case you’re most an analog vintage retro-old guy, and you prefer to read a real book that stuck your nose in a monitor these are cool option for calligraphy beginners (the last to images):
- Modern Calligraphy: Everything You Need to Know to Get Started in Script Calligraphy.
- Mastering Copperplate Calligraphy: A Step-by-Step Manual
Here are the last useful links:
In case you’re lazy or calligraphy simple isn’t your thing download the font (used on this post): http://myfonts.us/8eK7dW
The Class of Molly Jacques: http://skl.sh/1bWpr9p
Source of the infographic: us.moo.com
|Zeus:||im gonna put my dick in it|
|Everyone:||dont put ur dick in it|